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How to use Yajra Datatables in Laravel 9

Datatables is an awesome jQuery-powered table viewer. It adds advanced controls to HTML table, such as pagination, sorting, and search.

In this tutorial, we will show you how to use Yajra Datatables, which is a Laravel wrapper for Datatables.

Create Database Schema

The following scripts are supposed to run from your command line terminal.

  • Login to MySQL console:
mysql -u root -p
  • Create a demo databas:
CREATE DATABASE datatables_laravel_9;

I am assuming the root user has full access to the datatables_laravel_9 database. If not, you need to assign the permissions correctly.

Laravel Setup

  • Install a brand-new Laravel project via composer
composer create-project laravel/laravel datatables-laravel-9
  • Modify the environment variables in the .env to give database permissions to:

Update your own DB_USERNAME and DB_PASSWORD accordingly.

  • Start the Laravel dev server by running the command below.
cd datatables-laravel-9
php artisan serve

You should see the default Laravel welcome page by accessing from your browser:

Data Setup

We need some data to demonstrate the use of Datatables powered HTML table. In this step, we will create some data with minimum efforts. We are going to use the default Laravel users table as the data source.

  • Run migration to create some Laravel's default database tables:
php artisan migrate
  • Create some dummy data for users table, run the command below from your terminal:
php artisan tinker 

This will create 20 records in your users table.

Yajra Datatables Setup

Now we are going to pull in Yajra Datatables packages.

  • Install the PHP packages
composer require yajra/laravel-datatables-oracle
composer require yajra/laravel-datatables-buttons
  • Publish the configuration file
php artisan vendor:publish --tag=datatables
php artisan vendor:publish --tag=datatables-buttons

Work on the Datatables Model

Yajra Datatables creates its data model to handle the server-side configuration, run the command below to create a Yajra Datatables model.

php artisan datatables:make Users      

It should create a file at app/DataTables/UsersDataTable.php. And we will keep the content of this file as:


namespace App\DataTables;

use App\Models\User;
use Yajra\DataTables\Html\Button;
use Yajra\DataTables\Html\Column;
use Yajra\DataTables\Html\Editor\Editor;
use Yajra\DataTables\Html\Editor\Fields;
use Yajra\DataTables\Services\DataTable;

class UsersDataTable extends DataTable
     * Build DataTable class.
     * @param mixed $query Results from query() method.
     * @return \Yajra\DataTables\DataTableAbstract
    public function dataTable($query)
        return datatables()
            ->addColumn('action', 'users.action');

     * Get query source of dataTable.
     * @param \App\Models\User $model
     * @return \Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Builder
    public function query(User $model)
        return $model->newQuery();

     * Optional method if you want to use html builder.
     * @return \Yajra\DataTables\Html\Builder
    public function html()
        return $this->builder()

     * Get columns.
     * @return array
    protected function getColumns()
        return [

     * Get filename for export.
     * @return string
    protected function filename()
        return 'Users_' . date('YmdHis');

Work on the Datatables Front-end

In this step, we need to set up the Javascript and CSS stuff for Yajra Datatables.

  • Install Javascript
npm install datatables.net-bs4 datatables.net-buttons-bs4 bootstrap@4.6.0 popper.js jquery
  • Edit resources/js/bootstrap.js and append the following libraries:
window.$ = require('jquery');
window.jQuery = require('jquery');

  • Now run the command below to verify the result:
npm run dev

You should see a Laravel Mix message indicating successful compilation.

  • Install CSS file

  • Edit resources/css/app.css and append the followings:

@import '~bootstrap/scss/bootstrap';
@import "~datatables.net-bs4/css/dataTables.bootstrap4.css";
@import "~datatables.net-buttons-bs4/css/buttons.bootstrap4.css";
  • Now run the command below to verify the result:
npm run dev

You should see a Laravel Mix message indicating successful compilation.

Work on the Controller

  • We need a layout file too. Create a layout file at resources/views/layouts/app.blade.php with the content below:
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="{{ str_replace('_', '-', app()->getLocale()) }}" class="h-full">
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
    <meta name="csrf-token" content="{{ csrf_token() }}">

    <title>{{ config('app.name', '') }}</title>

    <!-- Styles -->
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="{{ mix('css/app.css') }}">


<div class="container">

<script src="{{ mix('js/app.js') }}"></script>
<script src="{{ asset('vendor/datatables/buttons.server-side.js') }}"></script>

  • Create the controller by running the command below:
php artisan make:controller UsersController

This should create a file at app/Http/Controllers/UsersController.php, its sole purpose is to render the Datatables instance:


namespace App\Http\Controllers;

use App\DataTables\UsersDataTable;

class UsersController extends Controller
    public function index(UsersDataTable $dataTable)
        return $dataTable->render('users.index');

  • Create a Laravel view for the index action above at resources/views/users/index.blade.php:


    <div class="mt-5">
        <h1 class="mb-5">Laravel 9 with Yajro Datatables</h1>




As we can see, in the view file we are calling the $dataTable->table() to render the Yajra Datatables instance.

  • Lastly we create a route to view the page. Append the following route to the routes/web.php file:
Route::get('/users', [UsersController::class, 'index']);

End Result

Now head to from your browser. You should see a nicely working Datatables powered HTML table: